What is PREA?
The Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) of 2003 is federal law seeking to eliminate sexual abuse and sexual misconduct in correctional facilities. This law applies to all federal and state prisons, jails, police lock-ups, private facilities, juvenile facilities and community correctional settings.
The National Prison Rape Elimination Commission studied the impact of sexual abuse in correctional settings on federal, state and local government along with communities and social institutions. Their findings lead to a set of recommended national standards for enhancing prevention, detection and response to sexual abuse.
The final national standards were signed by Attorney General Eric Holder and released by the United States Department of Justice (USDOJ) in May, 2012. All federal correctional facilities were certified compliant with the standards in May of 2013. State correctional facilities had until May of 2014 to certify compliance or submit assurance to become compliant. Failure to do so subjects the state to loss of USDOJ funds.